City-specific Data and Reports
The efforts under the Urban Health Initiative (UHI) in India are concentrated on the State of Uttar-Pradesh. Home to approximately one sixth of India’s total population, Uttar Pradesh has a population of over 194 million. Of the 35 million people estimated to be living in urban UP, 31% are below the poverty line. The total fertility rate in UP is 3.8 children per woman and couples have high unmet need for family planning (22%). UP has high a Maternal Mortality Rate (440 maternal deaths per 100,000 pregnancies) coupled with a high Infant Mortality Rate (67 infant deaths per 1,000 live births).
UHI is designed to respond to rapid urbanization and poor health indicators among the urban poor in UP. Urban slum areas in UP cities are targeted for multi-pronged interventions that include all UHI strategies. Successful strategies will be scaled across UP and India over time. UHI chose the cities for initial implementation based on a number of factors including: city size, large size of the slum population, high unmet need for family planning, low contraceptive prevalence rates, and priority by Government of Uttar Pradesh and Government of India under the National Urban Health Mission and JNN Schemes.
UHI implementation will continue to expand to additional cities—check back for our most recent efforts. Current cities where UHI works include: